Feb. 14, 2018

Scrum Anti Patterns

Since Scrum is easy to understand beginners may use some of the practices and repeat them in a mechanistic way without understanding the principles

The term anti pattern as used in the software world is an expression of what are initially attractive, easy to implement solutions. But actually, far from solving the problem, they end up causing bigger ones.

Scrum as stated in the Scrum Guide “is a framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value. Scrum is

  • lightweight,
  • simple to understand,
  • difficult to master.”

In less than an hour, you can explain all the elements of Scrum to someone.

Scrum 3 roles 3 artifacts 5 activities


Since it is easy to understand beginners can take it easy and misuse the framework. They may use some of the practices out of the whole and repeat them in a mechanistic way without understanding the principles underlying them.  Without changing anything and challenging yourself can you expect an increase in your productivity?

Let us keep in mind that Scrum will not turn everything into a miracle overnight. When people are accustomed to new forms of work that time is needed, especially for cultural transformation. Be patient, do not hurry to show up too early, just start by applying it as it is coached by an Agile Coach, challenge yourself, change your way of working and understand the principles. 

I will now talk about the most common "anti patterns" to give you an idea.  This may help you to inspect yourself and your team.  I have observed some of these during agile team assessments to companies who were struggling to find out why they were not improving although they started to apply Scrum.

  • The team waits for a task to be assigned to it or asks for the Product Owner to assign the tasks, thus destroying its development of self-organizing and decision-making capabilities.
  • The "Master" part of the ScrumMaster's name is perceived as technical or domain expertise, and as such, this person is identified as being the most experienced software developer on the team. This negatively affects the team’s development capacity.
  • The Product Owner and team meet only at sprint planning and review. This usually means that the Product Owner is not spending time with the team and the customer during a sprint, so the decision-making and learning process is slow.
  • At the sprint planning meeting, all tasks are assigned from person to person, and everyone is solely responsible for their own task, so they are not functioning as a team by, working individually, without collaborating with each other throughout the sprint.
  • If they work in the manner which is described in the upper item it is not surprising to hear that the Daily Scrum, which allows collaboration and the ability to make daily decisions as a team give up doing Daily Stand up.
  • The team and the Product Owner are focusing on completing tasks rather than delivering value.
  • They don’t do retrospectives and they don’t actually challenge themselves to change for better.
  • There is no sprint review, or when there is the team shows what was completed in the sprint rather than inspecting on the value that was delivered and reflecting on the sprint goal.
  • Meetings do not respect the ‘timeboxes’.
  • As the sprint continues, the sprint backlog changes a great deal.
  • The team carries the user stories from Sprint to sprint and works on the same story for several Sprints showing the indication that there is a problem with splitting them or they don’t understand the iterative and incremental way of working.
  • In the sprint planning the team only discusses the 'what' part and forgets to discuss how the pulled items are going to be developed.
  • The sprint planning meetings are long (i.e. they exceed the timebox) because of lack of backlog refinement meetings.
  • Team performance is compared on ‘velocity’.

If you see your team as having these anti-patterns, all is not lost. There are ways of recovering from them such as helping the structured coaching approach and ask help from an experienced Agile Coach.


As we indicated earlier, Scrum is difficult to master. If you are interested in learning how to address these anti-patterns, consider taking the Advanced Certified ScrumMaster course. Some of the topics that will be covered include resistance to change, lack of engagement, low motivation, and unavailability of key personnel.

Image of ebru4984

Ebru Yalçınkaya

I act as a change agent where the teams, domains need to enhance agility to reach their goals, to create a shared vision if needed. I coach every kind of team , every domain, like management teams or like customer care, technology and sales groups.
blog comments powered by Disqus
Image of ebru4984

Ebru Yalçınkaya

I act as a change agent where the teams, domains need to enhance agility to reach their goals, to create a shared vision if needed. I coach every kind of team , every domain, like management teams or like customer care, technology and sales groups.

Latest Posts

Scrumtisch July 2019

The Berlin Scrum User Group meets on July 4th at agile42, Gruenberger Str. 54, 10245 Berlin.

Image of aballer

Alexandra Baller

agile42 Team Assistant

Leading a Logistics Provider Company Agile Transformation

agile42 Turkey helped implement an agile way of working in the IT department of an international Leading logistics provider company

Image of figen.yalcinkaya

Figen Yalçınkaya

Nowadays companies need to know agile principle for their sustainable development. As an agile trainer & coach; I support new agile teams, for developing agile mindset in order to achieve high performance. This includes challenging their working practices and embarking on continuous improvement, Which is main principle of agility.

ORGANIC agility at Fast Growth Icons Berlin 2019

Video of the Fast Growth Icons Berlin 2019 keynote by Andrea Tomasini

Image of marion

Marion Eickmann

I am one of the founders and the executive director at agile42. I have supported strategic product development and leadership development for longer than 15 years. Since 2007 I have been realizing local and global agile projects with agile42's international team successfully. You like to talk about: ORGANIC agility, complexity, resilience, organizational culture & Agile? Just send an email :-)

Empiricism and Psychology: The harmony of being at odds

In this post, the contrast between empiricism and psychology is briefly discussed

Image of elrich.faul

Elrich Faul

I’m passionate about helping the current and next generations to develop the skills they need to be successful in a rapidly changing world. I believe that by leveraging my expertise in engineering, psychology and management I can empower individuals and teams to reach their maximum potential. I’m inspired when given the opportunity to coach teams as well as individuals toward growth and happiness.

Why you should look out for the ORGANIC agility Conference?

ORGANIC agility is an evolutionary approach that offers organizations the opportunity to become adaptable, resilient and profoundly more effective ...

Image of hwong

Hazel Wong

Marketing Assistant at agile42. Passionate about gaining insights from data in order to create content that resonates with the audience. Eager to help teams and companies open their mindset about the application of agile methods to address their challenges.